Cambridge IELTS 7 Page 92 - Test 4


 Reading Passage 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26. which are based on Reading Passage 2 below.


Endless Harvest

More than two hundred years ago, Russian explorers and fur hunters landed on the Aleutian Islands, a volcanic archipelago in the North Pacific, and learned of a land mass that lay farther to the north. The islands' native inhabitants called this land mass Aleyska. the 'Great Land'; today, we know it as Alaska.


The forty-ninth state to join the United States of America (in 1959), Alaska is fully one-fifth the size of the mainland 48 - states combined. It shares, with Canada, the second, longest river system in North America and has over half the coastline of the United States. The rivers feed into the Bering Sea and Gulf of Alaska - cold, nutrient-rich waters which support tens of millions of seabirds, and over 400 species of fish, shellfish, crustaceans, and mollusks. Taking advantage of this rich bounty, Alaska's commercial fisheries have developed into some of the largest in the world.


According to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G), Alaska's commercial fisheries landed hundreds of thousarids of tonnes of shellfish and herring, and well over a million tones of ground fish (cod, sole, perch and pollock) in 2000. The true cultural heart and soul of Alaska's fisheries, "however, is salmon. 'Salmon,' notes writer Susan Ewing in The Great Alaska Nature Fact book, 4pump through Alaska like blood through a heart, bringing rhythmic, circulating nourishment to land, animals and people.' The 'predictable abundance of salmon allowed some native cultures to flourish,' and 'dying spankers" feed bears, eagles, other animals, and ultimately the soil itself' All five species of Pacific salmon - chinook, or king; chum, or dog; Coho, or silver; sockeye, or red; and pink, or humpback - spawn in Alaskan waters, and 90% of all Pacific salmon commercially caught in North America arc produced there. Indeed, if Alaska was an independent nation, it would be the largest producer of wild salmon in the world. During 2000, commercial catches of Pacific salmon in Alaska exceeded 320,000 tonnes, with an ex-vessel value of over $US260 million.


Catches have not always been so healthy. Between 1940 and 1959, over fishing led to crashes in salmon populations so severe that in 1953 Alaska was declared a federal disaster area. With the onset of statehood, however, the State of Alaska took over management of its own fisheries, guided by a state constitution which mandates that Alaska's natural resources be managed on a sustainable basis. At that time, statewide harvests totaled around 25 million salmon. Over the next few- decades average catches steadily increased as a result of this policy of sustainable management, until, during the 1990s, annual harvests were well in excess of 100 million, and on several occasions over 200 million fish.


The primary reason for such increases is what is known as In-Season Abundance-Based Management'. There are biologists throughout the state constantly monitoring adult fish as they show up to spawn. The biologists sir. in streamside counting towers, study sonar, watch from aeroplanes, and talk to fishermen. The salmon season in Alaska is not pre-set. The fishermen know die approximate time of year when they will be allowed to fish, but on any given day, one or more field biologists in a particular area can put a halt to fishing. Even sport filing can be brought to a halt It is this management mechanism that has allowed Alaska salmon stocks - and, accordingly, Alaska salmon fisheries - to prosper, even as salmon populations in the rest of the United States arc increasingly considered threatened or even endangered.


In 1999, the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)*** commissioned a review of the Alaska salmon fishery. The Council, which was founded in 19%, certifies fisheries that meet high environmental standards, enabling them to use a label that recogmses their environmental responsibility. The MSC has established a set of criteria by which commercial fisheries can be judged. Recognising the potential benefits of being identified as environmentally responsible, fisheries approach the Council requesting to undergo the certificauon process. The MSC then appoints a certification committee, composed of a panel of fisheries experts, which gathers information and opinions from fishermen, biologists, government officials, industry representatives, non-governmental organisations and others.


Some observers thought the Alaska salmon fisheries would not have any chance of certification when, in the months leading up to MSC's final decision, salmon runs throughout western Alaska - completely collapsed. In the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers, chinook and chum runs were probably the poorest since statehood; subsistence communities throughout the region, who normally have priority over commercial fishing, were devastated.


The crisis was completely unexpected, but researchers believe it had nothing to do with impacts of fisheries. Rather, they contend, it was almost certainly the result of climatic shifts, prompted in part by cumulative effects of the el nino/la nina phenomenon on Pacific Ocean temperatures, culminating in a harsh winter in which huge numbers of salmon eggs were frozen. It could have meant the end as far as the certification process was concerned. However, the state reacted quickly, closing down all fisheries, even those necessary for subsistence purposes.


In September 2000, MSC announced that the Alaska salmon fisheries qualified fop certification. Seven companies producing Alaska salmon were immediately granted permission to display the MSC logo on their products. Certification is for an initial period of five years, with an annual review to ensure dial the fishery is continuing to meet the required standards.


* spawners: fish thai have released eggs
* spawn : release eggs


Questions 14-20

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2 ?

In boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE                     if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE                   if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN           if there is no information on this


14. The inhabitants of the Aleutian islands renamed their islands 4Aleyska\
15. Alaska's fisheries are owned by some of the world's largest companies.
16. Life in Alaska is dependent on salmon.
17. Ninety per cent of all Pacific salmon caught are sockeye or pink salmon.
18. More than 320,000 tonnes of salmon were caught in Alaska in 2000.
19. Between 1940 and 1959, there was a sharp decrease in Alaska's salmon population.
20. During the 1990s, the average number of salmon caught each year was 100 million.

Questions 21-26

Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-K. below.

Write the correct letter, A-K. in boxes 21-26 on your answer sheet.

21 In Alaska, biologists keep a check on adult fish
22 Biologists have the authority
23 In-Season Abundance-Based Management has allowed the Alaska salmon fisheries
24 The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) was established
25 As a result of the collapse of the salmon runs in 1999, the state decided
26 In September 2000, the MSC allowed seven Alaska salmon companies




 A to recognise fisheries that care for the environment.

B to be successful.

C to slop fish from spawning

D to set up environmental protection laws.

E to stop people fishing for sport.

F to label their products using the MSC logo.

G to ensure that fish numbers are sufficient to permit fishing.

H to assist the subsistence communities in the region.

I to freeze a huge number of salmon eggs.

J to deny certification to the Alaska fisheries.

K to close down all-fisheries.




Reading Answer key:

21 G
22 E
23 B
24 A
25 K
26 F


آزمون اسپیکینگ آیلتس عربستان سعودی در جولای 2016


IELTS Speaking test in Saudi Arabia – July 2016


Speaking test




– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What subject are you studying?
– Where do you live now?
– What kind of transportation do you use?
– Do you like walking? Why?
– Are there specific places for walking in your area?
– On what occasions do you give presents?
– Do you think it’s difficult to choose a gift for somebody?
– Do we give rich people expensive gifts? Why?


Cue Card


Talk about a situation that made you feel angry. Please say:

– Describe the situation.
– When and where did it occur?
– Why did you feel angry about it?




– Do you still feel angry about it?
– How often does it happen?
– Do you think people should express their feelings?
– Who can express feelings more freely, men or women? Why?


آیلتس مشترک در ایران و انگلستان بخش آکادمیک در جولای 2016


IELTS test in the UK and Iran – July 2016 (Academic Module)


Writing test


Writing task 1 (a report)


We were given a table showing the percentages of underweight, normal weight and overweight women and men in three years.


Writing task 2 (an essay)


Nowadays many people are diagnosed with anorexia. What do you think the causes of this are? What can be done to improve the situation?


Speaking test




– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do for work?
– Do you use computers a lot?
– Let’s talk about your home.
– What do you like about your home?
– Why do you like it?
– Would you like to change something there?
– Which part of your house would you change?
– What is the reason for that?


Cue Card


Talk about one of your future plans. Please say

– What would you like to do?
– How do you intend to achieve it?
– How will it help you?




– Who are better advisors for children: parents, teachers or friends?
– Why do you think so?
– At what age should children be allowed to have mobile phones?
– Why do you think so?
– Is it good for people to live their dreams?
– When is the right time to have dreams?

Model Answer for the speaking cue card topic :

Everybody has a plan for future. Though future is uncertain and many times unpredictable, I believe that to some extend our future depends on our actions on past and present. In the future I want to run a Mega-shopping mall business where my involvement would not be mandatory to run the daily business and I would enjoy my time by visiting different places of the world.


After I finished my graduation, I started working for a small company. Now I am working for a large multinational company I have planned to work till I become 36 and then I will take early retirement. The money I will inherit and the amount I am currently saving per month should allow me to start a business. I have planned to start a big shopping mall. I will have my close relatives as the employees and authorities of the business and initially I will work in this shopping mall for 2-3 years to make it run smoothly. When the business would go on with its own path, I will enjoy my vacation and would visit different renowned and beautiful cities of the world. I will visit Asia, Europe, Russia and many more places.


Hopefully I will enjoy the retirement and the trips. Though I am not sure about the future but I have already planned for it. Because I believe proper planning and initiation is the half of the total task and fulfilling dream. I have already taken some steps towards achieving my future plan.


Tips for answering this Cue Card Questions:


You can mention what you want to do anytime in the future. This topic has not asked that what you would do after you get 50 or so. For this, you can even talk about things you are planning to do in the near future. A very good answer to this topic can be "I want to go to a foreign country to finish my Masters and PhD from a reputed university and then return to my country and start a business/ to do a job.


Following are some of the ideas for you to pick from to answer this topic:


I will migrate to a foreign country and start my career there.
I will run a small business in my hometown.
I will establish a school in my hometown.
I will take my early retirement and visit different places.
I will fully spend my time with my family members and would do the farming
I will start a job and would work as an executive.
I will purchase a house at my hometown and would start living there.


If you prepare for this cue card topic you should be able to answer the following cue card topics also:


1. Describe your future plan.
2. Describe what you will do after your retirement.
3. Describe a thing that you want to do in the future.
4. Talk about your plan for a business.
5. Describe what you want to do in the future.
6. Describe one of your dreams.
7. Describe a plan you have.

نمونه سوالات آزمون آیلتس جنرال در ویتنام در مارچ 2016


IELTS test in Vietnam – March 2016 (General Training)


Writing test


Writing task 1 (a letter)


You recently watched a movie in the cinema, but didn’t enjoy it because of some technical issues. Write a letter to the cinema manager and say

- When did it happen?
- Describe the problems.
- What would you suggest the manager does about it?


Writing Task 2 (an essay)


Many people try to look younger than they really are. What are the reasons for that? Is it a positive or negative development?


Speaking test




- What is your full name?
- Can I see your ID?
- Where are you from?
- Do you work or study?
- What subject are you studying?
- Why did you choose it?
- Is the color important when you choose to buy something?
- What color don’t you want at home? Why?
- What fast food do you like?
- How often do you eat fast food?
- What do you prefer, one long holiday or a few short ones?


Cue Card


Describe what you would do if you had a day off. Please say

- What and where would you do?
- Who would you do it with?
- Why would you like to do it?




- Why do people try to earn more money?
- Is it good to do that?


IELTS test in Chile – June 2016 (Academic Module)


Reading test


Passage 1. About gold mines in Australia.
Passage 2. About biomimetics also known as biomimicry and its use in engineering.
Passage 3. Easy ways to discover lies when talking to people.


Writing test


Writing task 1 (a report)


We were given a bar chart and a pie chart showing the damage to continents that can be done by one metre rise of sea level. Charts showed loss of two kilometres of land and numbers of affected population.


Writing task 2 (an essay)


Many schools are arranging unpaid work for teenagers to get some work experience in institutions or companies, because it is beneficial for students as well as institutions. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?


Speaking test




– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do for a job?
– Do you like it?
– What do you like the most about it?
– Do you like going to the cinema? Why?
– Do you have plans for the next weekend?


Cue Card


Talk about a tradition in your country. Please say

– What is it?
– What are the origins of this tradition?
– Do you follow it? Why?




– What are the differences between your life and the life of traditional people in your country?
– Would you like to live such a life?
– Do you think technology is related to environmental care? Why?


دوره فشرده و جامع هر 4 مهارت آیلتس جنرال و آکادمیک بصورت همزمان با دکتر آرین کریمی


نمونه سوالات آیلتس انگلستان مشترک با مصر آزمون جنرال در سال 2016


IELTS test in Egypt and the UK – July 2016 (General Training)


Writing test


Writing task 1 (a letter)


You were on a business trip recently and forgot something at the hotel. Write a letter to the hotel manager and say

– Give details of your stay.
– What did you leave there?
– Suggest what he/she should do about it.


Writing Task 2 (an essay)


More and more people buy or use cars and it makes an impact on the environment. Discuss the consequences of this trend. What could be a solution to the problem?


Speaking test




– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do?
– How do you get to and from work?
– What do you think about the transportation system in your city?


Cue Card 1


Talk about a mistake that you made in the past. Please say

– what the mistake was
– why you made it
– how you felt after making this mistake


Cue Card 2


Talk about a happy event from your childhood that you remember well. Please say

– what event it was
– what happened and when
– how you felt at the time




– Do you like memories from your childhood? Why?
– Do you think memories are important? Why?



آیلتس لایف اسکیلز ( Life Skills ) چیست ؟

خوب، به نظر دولت بریتانیا افرادی که قصد دارند برای برخی ویزاهای اقامت در انگلستان اقدام کنند به چیزی غیر از آیلتس جنرال نیاز دارند و اینطور شد که آیلتس لایف اسکیلز معرفی شد. در این نسخه از آیلتس مهارت های مکالمه و لیسنینگ شما در زمینه هایی مثل موضوعات روزمره مثل کار، تفریح، تحصیل، مشکلات جامعه، حمل و نقل و … با شرکت در بحث هایی سنجیده می شود.


آیلتس Life Skills چطور برگزار می شود؟


یکی از ویژگی های این آزمون که شبیه هیچ آزمون دیگری نیست، این است که شما با یک شرکت کننده دیگر در آزمون شرکت می کنید. بله، یعنی وقتی دارید آزمون می دهید علاوه بر ممتحن، یک شرکت کننده دیگر هم کنار شما حضور خواهد داشت. هر چند بسته به نوع آزمونی که شما می دهید ممکن است بخشی از مهارت های شما در کار گروهی با شرکت کننده دیگر هم سنجیده بشود، اما ضعف یا مهارت بالای شرکت کننده دیگر در نمره نهایی شما هیچ تاثیری نخواهد داشت و شما بر اساس عملکرد خودتان ارزیابی خواهید شد.


سیستم نمره دهی آیلتس Life Skills چطوره؟


سیستم نمره دهی آزمون IELTS Life Skills برخلاف آزمون های Academic و General بر اساس اعداد نیست. در آزمون لایف اسکیلز شما یا نمره Pass می گیرید و یا Fail. یعنی فقط قبول یا رد! درست مثل آزمون عملی رانندگی، که اتفاقا یکی از مهات های زندگی هم هست! نتیجه آزمون هم بعد از یک هفته به شما اعلام خواهد شد.


آیا آیلتس Life Skills در ایران برگزار می شود؟


از ۲۷ اسفند سال ۱۳۹۴،امکان برگزاری آزمون آیلتس لایف اسکیلز IELTS Life Skills در ایران هم بوجود آمده و دیگر نیازی نیست برای شرکت در این آزمون به کشور های همسایه مثل ترکیه بروید.


آیا آیلتس Life Skills سخت است؟


این آزمون در دو سطح A1 و B1 برگزارمی شود که مطابق سطح بندی CEFR اروپا هستند. می پرسید CEFR چیه؟ خوب، به جدول زیر نگاه کنید:




طبق جدول بالا، CEFR از سطح A1 شروع شده و تا سطح C2 بالا می رود. آزمون آیلتس لایف اسکیلز در دو سطح A1 و B1 می باشد که چندان هم بالا نیست. برای اینکه مقایسه ای از این سطوح و آزمون آیلتس داشته باشید به جدول زیر نگاه کنید:


cefr new


همانطور که مشاهده می کنید سطح A1 معادل نمره بسیاری پایینی در آیلتس است و سطح B1 هم نهایتا معادل نمره ۴٫۵ تا ۵ آیلتس می باشدکه رسیدن به چنین سطحی کار بسیار ساده ای است.


بخش های دو سطح A1 و B1 در آیلتس Life Skills


همانطورکه میدانید در فرمت های آکادمیک وجنرال آزمون IELTS هر چهار مهارت شنیداری، گفتاری، نوشتاری و درک مطلب سنجیده می شوند. در IELTS Life Skills اما فقط دومهارت گفتاری وشنیداری یا همان اسپیکینگ و لیسنینگ خواهید داشت. سطح A1 دارای دو بخش و سطح B1 دارای ۳ بخش هست. دو بخش اول سطح B1 دقیقا مشابه سطح A1 هستند و فقط بخش سوم آن جدید خواهد بود. همانطور که می توانید حدس بزنید سطح B1 از A1 کمی سخت تر است.


سطح A1: دوبخش دارد


در بخش اول شما باید در مورد یک موضوع آشنا و روزمره حرف بزنید. دربخش دوم شما باید به یک لیسنینگ گوش کنید و به سوال ها پاسخ بدهید. در اینجا شما می توانید از لیسنینگ نت بردارید تا راحت تر بتوانید به سوال ها پاسخ بدهید. سطح A1 در حدود ۱۶ تا ۱۸ دقیقه طول می کشد.


سطح B1: دو بخش مشابه سطح A1 + بخش سوم


در سطح B1 شما سه بخش خواهید داشت که دو بخش اول آن دقیقا مشابه آزمون آیلتس لایف اسکیلز سطح A1 هستند. برای بخش سوم این سطح هم یک فعالیت گروهی طراحی می شود که دو شرکت کننده باید با هم آن را انجام بدهند. این سطح از آزمون در حدود ۲۲ دقیقه طول خواهد کشید.


دوره فشرده آیلتس لایف اسکیلز (Life Skills IELTS )



با دکتر آرین کریمی


IELTS test in the Philippines – July 2016 (Academic Module)


Listening test


Section 1. About whale watching in Green Bay.
Questions: filling in blanks, multiple choice.
Section 2. Description of a camp site.
Questions: map labeling.
Section 3. About an art exhibition.
Questions: short-answer questions (no more than three words), form completion.
Section 4. About the chimpanzees.
Questions: filling in blanks, short-answer questions (no more than three words).


Reading test


Passage 1. About seed exhibit book.
Passage 2. About some new vaccine.
Passage 3. Don’t remember.


Writing test


Writing task 1 (a report)


We were given a line graph of cocoa beans production from 1992 to 1998 in different regions of North and South Americas, Brazil, Dominican Republic and three other regions.


Writing task 2 (an essay)


In many countries governments spend a lot of money on internet infrastructure. Some say it is reasonable to allocate these funds, but others disagree and say that many more important programs need this money. Discuss both views, give your opinion and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.


Speaking test




– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do?
– Let’s talk about music.
– What kind of music do you like? Why?
– Did your taste in music change with time?
– Why do you think it is?
– Do you prefer live concerts or records? Why?


Cue Card


Talk about an instance when you had to wake up early in the morning. Please say:

– why you had to wake up early
– what you did
– how you felt later in the day




– What are the advantages and disadvantages of waking up early in the morning?
– Is it the same for students, employees, employers and kids?


IELTS Speaking test in Tashkent, Uzbekistan – July 2016


Speaking test




– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– Do you like to work alone or in a team?
– Do you like arts?
– Did you use to draw in school?
– On what occasion do you usually give presents?
– Do you find it difficult to choose gifts?
– Why do you think it is so?


Cue Card 1


Describe a place that you visited recently which is open to public. Please say

– What was the place?
– What did you see there?
– Why do people go to such places?


Discussion 1


– What are your thoughts about public buildings?
– What do you think young people see in public buildings?
– Should there be any rules at public places?


Cue Card 2


Describe a short travel or a holiday that was special in your life. Please say

– When and where was it?
– What did you do there?
– Who were there with you?


Discussion 2


– Explain why it was special for you.
– What is the difference between short and long travels?
– Do you travel a lot? Why?
– Who do you usually go with?
– Do you prefer to travel with family or friends?


آیلتس جنرال در هندوستان در جولای 2016



IELTS test in India – July 2016 (General Training)



Listening test


Section 1. Flight booking form.
Questions: filling in blanks.
Section 2. About an animal park in Australia
Questions: multiple choice, map labeling.
Section 3. A discussion between a student and a teacher about the assignment and improvements that are needed.
Section 4. About science in the future, environment-related.


Reading test


Passage 1. About archaeological findings in caves.
Questions: multiple choice, match headings to paragraphs.
Passage 2, 3, 4. Don’t remember.


Writing test


Writing task 1 (a letter)


You have recently ordered two items online, but the items you received are not the same as you ordered and you are not happy with the purchase. Write a letter to the company telling them that they have delivered 2 incorrect items. In your letter

– Describe what you ordered.
– What did you receive instead?
– What would you like the company to do about it?


Writing Task 2 (an essay)


In many countries school-age children spend their free time doing homework. Is it a good or a bad thing? Give examples based on your own experience.


Speaking test




– What is your full name?
– Can I see your ID?
– Where are you from?
– Do you work or study?
– What do you do for a job?
– Why did you choose to do it?


Cue Card


Talk about a mistake that you made as a child. Please say

– What was the mistake?
– Where and when did you do it?
– What did you learn from it?




– What kind of mistakes do children make in school work?
– Do you think children should be allowed to make mistakes?
– Do you think parents make mistakes too?
– Do you think it is in human nature to conceal one’s shortcomings?


صفحه29 از37

تماس ( تا 12 شب )





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درباره استاد آرین ( دکتر آرین کریمی )


دکتر آرین کریمی با شهرت استاد آرین دارای مدرک بین المللی تدریس آیلتس از انگلستان ( IELTS Teaching Certificate ) و مدرک بین المللی تدریس زبان انگلیسی از انگلستان ( TESOL ) و با سالها تجربه در برگزاری دوره های موفق آمادگی آزمونهای بین المللی زبان انگلیسی نظیر آیلتس تافل جی آر ای و ... با ارائه جزوه منحصر بفرد خود و برنامه ریزی دقیق مطالعاتی و برگزاری جلسات رفع اشکال و تست زنی تاکنون دانشجویان بسیاری را تربیت و به خارج از کشور جهت اخذ پذیرش از دانشگاه های معتبر خارج از کشور و مهاجرت به کشورهایی نظیر آمریکا ،استرالیا ، انگلستان ، هند ، کانادا ، نیوزلند ، دبی ، آلمان ، ایتالیا ، سوئد ، قبرس ، مالزی ، ترکیه ، امارات متحده عربی ، هلند ، تایلند ، چین ، ژاپن ، کره جنوبی و دیگر کشورهای اروپایی و آماده نموده است . و همچنین با برگزاری دوره های تربیت مدرس آیلتس تاکنون اساتید زیادی را تعلیم و به آموزشگاهای معتبر زبان معرفی نموده است مقالات آموزش آیلتس و تافل دکتر کریمی...


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خبرنامه سایت دکتر آرین کریمی

دریافت رایگان جدیدترین منابع آیلتس ، تافل و جی آر ای آخرین اخبار کارشناسی ، کارشناسی ارشد و دکترای دانشگاه سراسری ، دانشگاه آزاد و دانشگاه پیام نور.

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